Gender Archive

  • The majority of this study consists of a series of case studies of different types of women’s rituals of power, which emphasize examples of significant trends in ritual iconography, praxis, and context, both those which were typical of late antique Egyptian magic as a whole, and those which were uniquely female in character.

    Maidens, Matrons, and Magicians: Women and Personal Ritual Power in Late Antique Egypt

    The majority of this study consists of a series of case studies of different types of women’s rituals of power, which emphasize examples of significant trends in ritual iconography, praxis, and context, both those which were typical of late antique Egyptian magic as a whole, and those which were uniquely female in character.

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  • Competing Constructions of Masculinity in Ancient Greece Scott Rubarth (Rollins College) ATINER’S Conference Paper Series: No: MDT2013-0392 (2013) Abstract Scholars often speak of ancient Greek masculinity and manhood as if […]

    Competing Constructions of Masculinity in Ancient Greece

    Competing Constructions of Masculinity in Ancient Greece Scott Rubarth (Rollins College) ATINER’S Conference Paper Series: No: MDT2013-0392 (2013) Abstract Scholars often speak of ancient Greek masculinity and manhood as if […]

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  • Whether or not the Egyptian dream manuals are collections of dreams that were actually seen, or were possible visions that the composer believed could be seen is a moot point for our purposes. What matters is that they are embed- ded within their specific cultural matrix, and that they and their interpreta- tions to a certain degree reflect social hopes, fears, and desires, projected by their composers, the priests.

    Flesh for Fantasy: Refections of Women in Two Ancient Egyptian Dream Manuals

    Whether or not the Egyptian dream manuals are collections of dreams that were actually seen, or were possible visions that the composer believed could be seen is a moot point for our purposes. What matters is that they are embed- ded within their specific cultural matrix, and that they and their interpreta- tions to a certain degree reflect social hopes, fears, and desires, projected by their composers, the priests.

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  • Scholarship of the last century has discussed this element of the LT in its historical and literary contexts, addressed a variety of social and legal issues pertinent to the laudator’s account, and evaluated its depiction of M. Aemilius Lepidus in the light of his attested character and career.1 None of these treatments has approached the de‐ scription of the experiences and actions of the laudata from the perspective of the ancient consumer of information and meaning within the complete epigraphic envi‐ ronment of the inscription.

    TURIA, LEPIDUS, AND ROME

    Scholarship of the last century has discussed this element of the LT in its historical and literary contexts, addressed a variety of social and legal issues pertinent to the laudator’s account, and evaluated its depiction of M. Aemilius Lepidus in the light of his attested character and career.1 None of these treatments has approached the de‐ scription of the experiences and actions of the laudata from the perspective of the ancient consumer of information and meaning within the complete epigraphic envi‐ ronment of the inscription.

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  • However, the theory concerning fertility behaviour during the Late Roman Republic that has been put forward by Brunt depends largely on such viewpoints as have become controversial in the discipline of demography. Rather than purely economic and rational in scope, decision making processes - such as those concerning marriage and procreation - are embedded in specific cultural and social settings that affect outcomes through the creation or upholding of practical, structural, normative or perceived constraints.

    Family matters, Economy, culture and biology: fertility and its constraints in Roman Italy

    However, the theory concerning fertility behaviour during the Late Roman Republic that has been put forward by Brunt depends largely on such viewpoints as have become controversial in the discipline of demography. Rather than purely economic and rational in scope, decision making processes - such as those concerning marriage and procreation - are embedded in specific cultural and social settings that affect outcomes through the creation or upholding of practical, structural, normative or perceived constraints.

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  • In an initial attempt to investigate what variations in comparative scale meant to the ancient Egyptians who created and viewed Egyptian art, I have considered the limited case of the wife represented with her husband in reliefs and paintings in his tomb chapel.

    Little women: gender and hierarchic proportion in Old Kingdom mastaba chapels

    In an initial attempt to investigate what variations in comparative scale meant to the ancient Egyptians who created and viewed Egyptian art, I have considered the limited case of the wife represented with her husband in reliefs and paintings in his tomb chapel.

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  • This study looks at ancient Greek and Roman sexual practices from the point of view of their (implied) differences from modern western practices. There are eight major themes: sex and status, the ubiquity of sex, the body, body modification, violence and pain, having sex, viewing sex, and transgressions.

    Sexual Peculiarities of the Ancient Greeks and Romans

    This study looks at ancient Greek and Roman sexual practices from the point of view of their (implied) differences from modern western practices. There are eight major themes: sex and status, the ubiquity of sex, the body, body modification, violence and pain, having sex, viewing sex, and transgressions.

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  • When the hierarchy of women is concerned, the range of data is limited, since women were virtually excluded from the bureaucracy, and the number of their own tombs is relatively low. In spite of this, over recent decades the studies focusing on women have been steadily increasing our knowledge on the position and roles of women in the Egyptian society of the Old Kingdom

    Hierarchy of Women within Elite Families. Iconographic Data from the Old Kingdom

    When the hierarchy of women is concerned, the range of data is limited, since women were virtually excluded from the bureaucracy, and the number of their own tombs is relatively low. In spite of this, over recent decades the studies focusing on women have been steadily increasing our knowledge on the position and roles of women in the Egyptian society of the Old Kingdom

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  • This thesis aims to investigate the women of ancient Egypt with regards to their relationship with the goddess Hathor. Hathor is one of the most popular Egyptian deities, and arguably (until she was assimilated by Isis during later Egyptian history) the most popular deity among the women of Egypt.

    The Goddess Hathor and the women of ancient Egypt

    This thesis aims to investigate the women of ancient Egypt with regards to their relationship with the goddess Hathor. Hathor is one of the most popular Egyptian deities, and arguably (until she was assimilated by Isis during later Egyptian history) the most popular deity among the women of Egypt.

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  • Most research on sexuality and eroticism in Egypt has so far focused on the New Kingdom and the later periods, probably due to the fact that much more evidence survives from these periods. During the Early Dynastic and Old Kingdom the foundations for many cultural practices were laid, which were then perpetuated throughout the rest of the Dynastic period. An understanding of sexuality during this period is thus crucial background for fully appreciating the later evidence.

    Eroticism and sexuality in Old Kingdom Egypt

    Most research on sexuality and eroticism in Egypt has so far focused on the New Kingdom and the later periods, probably due to the fact that much more evidence survives from these periods. During the Early Dynastic and Old Kingdom the foundations for many cultural practices were laid, which were then perpetuated throughout the rest of the Dynastic period. An understanding of sexuality during this period is thus crucial background for fully appreciating the later evidence.

    Continue Reading...