The Twilight of Judah: In the Egyptian-Babylonian Maelstrom
By A. Malamat
Vetus Testamentum, Vol.28 (1975)
Introduction:The late seventh century B.C., noted for its reshufflings in the international political sphere, saw the collapse of the Assyrian empire and the subsequent power-struggle between the up-and-coming Babylonia and Egypt over inheritance of the now-orphaned territories spreading from the Eurphrates to Sinai. The geopolitical plight of this buffer region swept a most reluctant Kingdom of Judah – like many of her neighbours – into the alternating open conflict and “cold war” which ensued. Indeed, if outside factors were most influential throughout Judah’s history, they became overbearing in the two decades following the Battle of Megiddo, in 609 B.C., – until, in 586 B.C., the little kingdom finally succumbed to international machinations.